Maternal and Infant Mortality
Maternal mortality refers to the death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of delivery. On the other hand, infant mortality refers to the death of a newborn baby within the first year of life. Both maternal and infant mortality are important indicators of the health and well-being of a population and can be influenced by a range of factors such as access to healthcare, nutrition, and socioeconomic status.
Reducing Disparities in Adverse Pregnancy
Reducing disparities in adverse pregnancy refers to efforts to close the gaps in maternal and infant health outcomes experienced by certain groups of women. These disparities are often driven by social determinants of health, including race, ethnicity, income, education, and access to quality healthcare.
Adequate Prenatal Care
Adequate prenatal care refers to the comprehensive medical and lifestyle support a pregnant woman receives to ensure the best possible health outcomes for both her and her baby. This care includes regular prenatal visits with a healthcare provider, proper nutrition and exercise, testing and screening for potential complications or issues, and education and counseling on various aspects of pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting.
Black Maternal Mortality
Black maternal mortality refers to the higher rates of pregnancy-related deaths among Black women than among other racial or ethnic groups. This issue results from systemic racism and healthcare disparities, including limited access to quality prenatal and postpartum care, racial bias and discrimination, and inadequate maternal health education.